Fresh picked carrots

Carrots

Overview
Carrots (Daucus carota) have been grown as a food crop for more than 2,000 years. They were first brought to the early United States colonies in 1609. They are rich in carotene (a source of vitamin A) and high in sugar.

Soil Preparation
Carrots grow best in sun to partial shade in rich, loose, sandy loam soil that is well drained and fertile. Before planting carrots, remove all rocks, trash and weeds from the planting area and till the soil to a depth of 8 to 12 inches.

Planting
Carrots are hardy cool-season biennials that are frost tolerant and can be planted as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. They grow best when nighttime temperatures are around 55 degrees F and daytime temperatures are around 75 degrees F. Temperatures much higher than this will produce discolored, poor quality carrots.

Plant carrots to a depth of ½ inch with the seeds spaced at the rate of 3 to 4 seeds per inch. Seeds will take two weeks or more to germinate.

(See Chart Below for Recommended Varieties)

Fertilizing
Carrots prefer a soil pH between 5.8 and 7.5. Before planting, apply a 10-10-10 fertilizer, at the rate of 1 cup per 10 feet of row, in the planting area and then mix it into the top 3 to 4 inches of soil. After the seeds sprout, Fertilize your plants once a week with an application of a balanced fertilizer such as Miracle-Gro Vegetable Food.

(Column continues below)

Watering
Once planted, water the carrots regularly to keep the soil evenly moist to a depth of about 3 inches. Water early in the morning to allow plants to dry quickly and reduce the opportunity for disease infection. Drip irrigation is recommended to allow the water to get right to the carrot root.

Weed Control
Keep the garden free from weeds, as weeds will compete with the growing carrots for soil nutrients and water. Do not dig too deeply when using a hoe, and pull weeds carefully to avoid damaging the root.

Thinning
Carrots that grow too close to each other will be malformed and of poor quality. When the carrot seedlings reach a height of 2 inches, carefully thin the plants so that the remaining plants are 2 inches apart. When they reach a height of 4 inches, thin them again so that the remaining plants are 4 inches apart.

Insects
Cutworms are 3/4” curled caterpillars that, if present, can be found just under the soil line. They cut plants off at the soil line, chew 1/4’’ holes in pods or seeds, and occasionally chew leaves. Apply a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) based insecticide to control them.

Wireworms are thin, about ½ to 1½ inches long, worms with a dark head and tail that feed on the carrot root. Apply a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) based insecticide to control them.

Diseases
Diseases may be a problem during cool, wet weather. A variety of viruses attack carrots and each produces symptoms characteristic of the particular virus species such as leaves mottled with yellow spots, and knotted or forked roots. Treat with an approved fungicide. Neem oil, sulfur, and other fungicides can be used.

Exposure to the sun will turn carrots green at the top. Just cover the exposed area with soil or mulch.

Harvesting
Carrots will be ready to harvest in about 70 to 80 days, when the carrot is about 1 to 1½ inches in diameter. Carefully remove the carrot by reaching into the dirt around the outside of the carrot and gently pulling it out. Carrots planted in the summer may be left in the soil until the first killing frost.

Storing
Cut off the green tops off of the carrots 1 inch above the root and wash them. Store carrots in a sealed plastic bag in the refrigerator at 32 degrees F with high humidity where they will stay fresh for several weeks. Carrots may be buried in the sand in an underground root cellar, and under the right storage conditions will keep for four to six months.

Recommended Varieties
The following chart lists the recommended varieties, days to harvest, spring planting dates, and where applicable, the fall planting dates for carrots in each state. Wherever possible, the information in the chart is in accordance with the Cooperative Extension for each state.

StateVariety
- Days to Harvest
Spring
Planting Dates
Fall
Planting Dates
Alabama (AL)Days to Harvest: 60-80
• Chantenay
• Danvers 126
• Lady Fingers
• Scarlet Nantes
• Thumbelina
Mar. 1 - Mar. 31July 20 - Sept. 20
Alaska (AK)Days to Harvest: 70-95
• Nantes
• Chantenay
• French Forcing
Apr. 20 - May 4
Arizona (AZ)Days to Harvest: 70-80
• Nantes
• Chantenay
• Danvers
- Elevation -
[ 10 to 1000 feet ]
• July 15 - Aug. 15

[ 1000 to 2000 feet ]
• N.A.

[ 2000 to 3000 feet ]
• N.A.

[ 3000 to 4500 feet ]
• Mar. 1 - May 10

[ 4500 to 6000 feet ]
• May 1 - July 15

[ Above 6000 feet ]
• May 15 - July 1
- Elevation -
[ 10 to 1000 feet ]
• Sept. 1 - Jan. 1

[ 1000 to 2000 feet ]
• Sept. 1 - Mar. 1

[ 2000 to 3000 feet ]
• Aug. 25 - Mar. 15

[ 3000 to 4500 feet ]
• July 15 - Sept. 15

[ 4500 to 6000 feet ]
• N.A.

[ Above 6000 feet ]
• N.A.
Arkansas (AR)• Royal Chantenay - 60
• Danvers Half Long - 75
• Scarlet Nantes - 68
• Purple Haze - 65
• Little Finger - 60
• Sugarsnax - 68
Feb. 15 - Apr. 1Aug. 1 - Aug. 15
California (CA)Days to Harvest: 60-80
• Amarillo
• Yellowstone
• Danvers
• Carson
• Royal Chantenay
[ North & North Coast ]
• Jan. - May

[ South Coast ]
• Jan. - Sept.

[ Central Valley ]
• Feb. - Aug.
[ North & North Coast ]
• July - Aug.

[ Central Valley ]
• Aug. - Sept.

[ Southern Desert ]
• Sept. - mid Dec.
Colorado (CO)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Chantenay
• Nantes
• Danvers
• Purple Haze
Mar. 26 - Apr. 9
Connecticut (CT)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Bolero
• Nelson
• Sugarsnax 54
Mar. 6 - 21
Delaware (DE)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Scarlet Nantes
• Hybrid Nantes* types
• Napoli
• Sugarsnax 54
Mar. 20 - Apr. 30May 1 - July 5
Florida (FL)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Imperator
• Nantes
• Danvers
• Chantenay
[ North Florida ]
• Sept. - Mar.

[ Central Florida ]
• Oct. - Mar.

[ South Florida ]
• Oct. - Feb.
Georgia (GA)Days to Harvest: 70-95
• Chantenay
• Scarlet Nantes
• Sweetbites
• Sweet Delight
• Thumbelina
Jan. 15 - Mar. 20Aug. 20 - Sept. 15
Hawaii (HI)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Nantes
• Chantenay
• Danvers
Year-roundYear-round
Idaho (ID)• Danvers Half Long - 75
• Lunar White - 75
• Nantes Coreless - 89
• Sugarsnax - 68
• Tendersweet - 74
• Thumbelina - 60
Apr. 5 - 19
Illinois (IL)• Danvers Half Long - 75
• Danvers - 65
• Bolero - 70
• Nantes Coreless - 72
• Scarlet Nantes - 70
Apr. 10 - July 15
Indiana (IN)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Premium
• First Class
• Avenger
• Apache
• Condor
• Six-pack II
• Navaho
• Red Cored Chantenay
• Goliath
• Royal Chantenay
• Danvers 126
• Gold King
• Heritage
• Protege
• PY 60 Improved
• Nantes
• Atlanta
• Bolero
• Mokum
[ Northern Indiana ]
• Apr. 20 - June 15

[ Central Indiana ]
• Apr. 10 - June 1

[ Southern Indiana ]
• Apr. 1 - May 15
Iowa (IA)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Avenger
• Dominator
• Nantes Half Long
• Premium
• Royal Chantenay
Mar. 16 - 30July 15 - Aug. 1
Kansas (KS)Days to Harvest: 70-80
• Gold King
• Gold Pak
• Red Cored Chantenay
• Royal Chantenay
• Scarlet Nantes
• Tendersweet
Apr. 10 - May 1July 15 - Oct. 20
Kentucky (KY)• Pioneer - 67
• Fanci Pak - 70
• Danvers Half Long - 75
• Gold Pak - 76
• Imperator - 77
Mar. 10 - 25July 1 - Aug. 31
Louisiana (LA)Days to Harvest: 70-75
• Danvers 126
• Thumbelina
• Purple Haze
• Apache
• Choctaw
• Navajo
• Maverick
• Sugar Snax 54
• Enterprise
• Big Sur
Jan. 15 - Feb. 15Sept. 1 - Nov. 1
Maine (ME)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Nelson
• Minicor (baby)
• Scarlet Nantes
• Sweetness II
• Sugarsnax 54
• Neptune
• Yellowstone (yellow)
• Purple Haze (purple)
• Bolero
• Caro-Choice
Apr. 1 - 15
Maryland (MD)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Atomic Red
• Chantenay
• Danvers
• Imperator
• Lindoro
• Little Finger
• Minicor
• Mokum
• Nantes
• Napoli
• Purple Haze
• Short n Sweet
• Sweet Treat
• Thumbelina
Apr. 10 - June 1June 15 - Aug. 1
Massachusetts (MA)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Bolero
• Mokum
• Ya Ya
• Nelson
• Napoli
• Maverick
• Sugar Snax 54
• Sweet Baby Jane
• YellowStone (yellow)
• White Satin
• Purple Haze (purple)
• Rainbow
• Parmex
Mar. 15 - Aug. 15
Michigan (MI)Days to Harvest: 60-70
• Apache
• Cosmic Purple
• Danvers Half Long
• Dynamo
• Kuroda
• Little Finger
• Mokum
• Nantes Half Long
• Naverino
• Nelson
• Orange Rocket
• Purple Dragon
• Purple Haze
• Red-cored Chantenay
• Scarlet Nantes
• Short 'n' Sweet
• Sour Gherkin
• Sugar Snax
• Sweetness II
• Sweet Rocket
• Sweet Treat
• Thumbelina
• Yellowstone
Apr. 5 - 19
Minnesota (MN)• Nanco - 57
• Touchon - 60
• Scarlet Nantes - 62
• Chantenay - 68
• Sweet Sunshine - 72
• Bolero - 73
• Nutri-Red - 80
Apr.15 - June 15
Mississippi (MS)• Danvers 126 - 75
• Red Cored Chantenay - 68
Feb. 18 - Apr. 15Aug. 20 - Sept. 15
Missouri (MO)Days to Harvest: 70-85
• Amina
• Bolero
• Nantes Improved
• Royal Chantenay
• Sugarsnax 54
• Thumbelina
[ North Missouri ]
• Mar. 25 - Apr. 10

[ Central Missouri ]
• Mar. 15 - Apr. 5

[ South Missouri ]
• Mar. 5 - 25
[ North Missouri ]
• July 20 - 30

[ Central Missouri ]
• July 25 - 30

[ South Missouri ]
• Aug. 1 - 15
Montana (MT)Days to Harvest: 65-70
• Chantenay
• Nantes
• Danvers Half Long
• Short and Sweet
Apr. 12 - 26
Nebraska (NE)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Chantenay
• Nantes
• Danvers
• Purple Haze
Mar. 23 - Apr. 6
Nevada (NV)Days to Harvest: 70-80
• Nantes
• Chantenay
• Danvers
Feb. 1 - Feb. 28Aug. 1 - Oct.15
New Hampshire (NH)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Bolero
• Cosmic Purple
• Healthmaster
• Kinko
• Royal Chantenay
• Rumba
Apr. 15 - May 15
New Jersey (NJ)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Scarlet Nantes
• Hybrid Nantes* types
• Napoli
• Sugarsnax 54
Mar. 20 - Apr. 3
New Mexico (NM)Days to Harvest: 70-80
• Nantes
• Chantenay
• Danvers
[ North New Mexico ]
• Apr. 17 - May 1

[ South New Mexico ]
• Mar. 27 - Apr. 10
New York (NY)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Bolero
• Cosmic Purple
• Healthmaster
• Kinko
• Royal Chantenay
• Rumba
Feb. 24 - Mar. 10
North Carolina (NC)Days to Harvest: 85-95
• Danvers Half Long
• Spartan Bonus
• Little Finger
• Thumbelina
• Scarlet Nantes
Feb. 15 - Mar. 1July 1-15
North Dakota (ND)Days to Harvest: 60-100
• Kuroda
• Little Finger
• Mokum
• Nantes
• Nelson
• Rainbow
• Red-Cored Chantenay
• Scarlet Nantes
• Sweetness III
• Purple Haze
• Yellowstone
Apr. 9 - 23
Ohio (OH)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Red-Cored Chantenany
• Danvers Half Long
• Little Finger
• Thumbelina
Mar. 22 - Apr. 5
Oklahoma (OK)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Chantenay
• Danvers
• Gold Pack
• Scarlet Nantes
• Thumbelina
Feb. 15 - Mar. 10July 15 - Aug 15
Oregon (OR)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Red Cored Chantenay
• Royal
• Chantenay
• Scarlet Nantes
• Mokum
• Bolero
• Apache
• Danvers
• Ithaca
• Sugarsnax 54
• Nelson
• Napa
• Kuroda
• Nantindo
• Caropak
• Nevis
• Sweetness II
• Napoli
• Minicore
• Babette
• Parmex
• Thumbelina
[ Oregon Coast ]
• Jan. - June

[ Western Valleys ]
• Mar. - July 15

[ High Elevations ]
• Apr. - June

[ Columbia River Valley ]
• Mar. - July
Pennsylvania (PA)• Corless Amsterdam - 55
• Thumbelina - 58
• Touchon Deluxe - 58
• Nelson - 60
• Ingot - 67
• Scarlet Nantes - 68
• Nevis - 68
• Bolero - 72
• Danvers 126 - 75
Mar. 22 - Apr. 5
Rhode Island (RI)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Red-Cored Chantenay
• Short and Sweet
• Nantes Half Long
• Danvers Half Long
• Pioneer
• Spartan Bonus
• Little Finger
Mar. 11 - 26
South Carolina (SC)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Apache
• Camden
• Chantenay
• Danvers 126
• Orlando Gold
[ Piedmont ]
• Mar. 1 - 15

[ Central ]
• Feb. 10 - 28

[ Coastal ]
• Dec. 15 - Jan 30
[ Piedmont ]
• July 1 - 30

[ Central ]
• Aug. 1 - 15

[ Coastal ]
• Aug. 1 - 20
South Dakota (SD)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Nantes
• Chantenay
• Danvers
• Imperator
Apr. 5 - 19
Tennessee (TN)Days to Harvest: 75-85
• Danvers
• Nantes
• Little Finger
Mar. 1 - Apr. 1
Texas (TX)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Big Shot
• Candy Stix
• Caropak
• Cheyenne
• Danvers 126
• Nantes
• Navajo
• Sugar Snax
• Vita-Sweet
[ Plant Hardiness Zone 6 ]
• Mar. 10 - Apr. 15

[ Plant Hardiness Zone 7 ]
• Feb. 15 - Mar. 10

[ Plant Hardiness Zone 8 ]
• Jan. 15 - Mar. 1

[ Plant Hardiness Zone 9A ]
• Jan. 15 - Feb. 10

[ Plant Hardiness Zone 9B ]
• Jan. 1 - Feb. 1
[ Plant Hardiness Zone 6 ]
• July 15

[ Plant Hardiness Zone 7 ]
• Aug. 15

[ Plant Hardiness Zone 8 ]
• Nov. 10

[ Plant Hardiness Zone 9A ]
• Nov. 20

[ Plant Hardiness Zone 9B ]
• Dec. 15
Utah (UT)• A-Plus Hybrid - 71
• Danvers Half Long - 73
• Pioneer Hybrid - 67
• Scarlet Nantes - 68
• Thumbalina - 70
Mar. 1 - June 1
Vermont (VT)Days to Harvest: 65-80
• Bolero
• Cosmic Purple
• Healthmaster
• Kinko
• Royal Chantenay
• Rumba
Apr. 6 - 20
Virginia (VA)• Gold King - 72
• Danvers - 72
• Imperator - 78
Mar. 1 - 16July 1 - Aug. 31
Washington (WA)Days to Harvest: 70-90
• Red Core Chantinay
• Nantes
Apr. 15 - July 15
West Virginia (WV)• Gold King - 72
• Danvers - 72
• Imperator - 78
Mar. 28 - Apr. 11
Wisconsin (WI)Days to Harvest: 60-70
• Apache
• Cosmic Purple
• Danvers Half Long
• Dynamo
• Kuroda
• Little Finger
• Mokum
• Nantes Half Long
• Naverino
• Nelson
• Orange Rocket
• Purple Dragon
• Purple Haze
• Red-cored Chantenay
• Scarlet Nantes
• Short 'n' Sweet
• Sour Gherkin
• Sugar Snax
• Sweetness II
• Sweet Rocket
• Sweet Treat
• Thumbelina
• Yellowstone
Apr. 15
Wyoming (WY)• Danvers Half Long - 75
• Little Finger - 65
• Short ‘n Sweet - 68
• Sweet Treat - 70
• Thumbelina - 70
• Toudo - 70
Apr. 17 - May 1

2 thoughts on “Carrots”

  1. I was going to crank up my Mantis to put a garden in this fall. The darn thing wouldn’t start. First, my neighbor told me to put the switch to 0 not l . He said it would be ON. After reading the instructions I learned o was off and l was ignition. Back to pullin on that dern cord. No luck. I checked the new gas it was the right mix. I check the air cleaner and it looked good. I had been pullin the choke so we took out the spark plug and it was wet so we waited until it dried out. Tried again. Nothing. Next stop was the fuel filter in the tank. BINGO!! when I tried to get it out of the tank I noticed it had a crack in it and it broke as I gentley eased it out of the tank. I got on the PC and ordered a kit for the fuel system. I had to order a primer bulb too cause all the priming cracked the bulb. They said I’d have it in a week. I can’t wait. Iam going on a Heart Healthy Diet. Wish me luck and God Bless Everyone !! ;) dupree

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